The City of Sunderland is the 22nd largest borough in England and the largest in the North East. Labour lost three seats to the Conservatives, whilst former Labour Mayor Mrs Julianna Heron lost to an independent: the same person who had defeated her husband in 2003 and who was in turn defeated by him in 2004. Sunderland is the largest city, by population and area, between Leeds and Edinburgh.[15]. The City of Sunderland is a metropolitan borough in Tyne and Wear, in North East England. [10] A memorial statue, which is a crying mother holding a dead child, is now back in Mowbray Park with a protective canopy. Sunderland has produced a number of musicians that have gone on to reach international fame, most notably Dave Stewart of the Eurythmics. Sunderland je izrastao iz tri naselja na samom ušću rijeke Wear. This category is about Sunderland, the old town which is now part of the City of Sunderland. Seit 1974 ist die Stadt der namensgebende Kernort des größeren Metropolitan Borough City of Sunderland. In particular, the east and south east – the old parish of Sunderland and the mining village of Ryhope – had lost population to the "New Town" of Washington. The election in 2010, held at the same time as the general election saw Labour gain four seats to increase their majority. Thus control over economic development, of the Museums and Archive Service, of the Tyne and Wear Fire and Civil Defence Authority and of the Passenger Transport Authority is exercised not by committees of directly elected county councillors but by nominees chosen by the elected members of the five district authorities. [25] It takes place along the sea front at Roker and Seaburn, and is attended by over 1.2 million people annually. The factory is adjacent to the UK Nissan Distribution Centre (NDS) and has a number of on-site suppliers. Large vats, called ‘’panns’’, of seawater were put on coal fires. Since the transfer in 2000 there have been a lot of improvements to the quality of social housing in the city. Under the Local Government Act 1888, it was given further status as a county borough with independence from county council control. The Royalty Theatre is the home to the (amateur) Royalty Theatre group who also put on a number of low-budget productions throughout the year. As the traditional industries have declined, electronics, chemicals, and paper making have replaced them. "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Mid-2019",, "Sunderland's political management structure-Sunderland City Council",,,, "Radio 1's Big Weekend: Penshaw Monument, Herrington Park, Sunderland", "Local boys shine at Sunderland's Big Weekend",, "Newspaper Report for the publication: Sunderland Star", "$6million film deal for North East murder film", "Sunderland named Facebook capital of Britain", "SAFC Previous Grounds / History / Previous Grounds",, NUTS 3 statistical regions of the United Kingdom, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2010, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 22:53. Az Északi-tenger partján, a Wear folyó torkolatánál, Newcastle upon Tyne-tól kb. HMS Ocean, a Helicopter Landing Ship is Sunderland's adopted Royal Navy ship. Much of the city is on a low range of hills running parallel to the coast. The National Cycle Network National Route 1 runs from Ryhope in the south, through the centre of the city, and then along the coast towards South Shields. Sunderland is one of the most deprived cities in the North of England. This law still remains in full force to this day. The crew of HMS Ocean regularly visit the city. ; Hylton Riverside Retail Park, a large shopping outlet centre at. Sunderland Association Football Club is an English football club. These frets can be very dense, are often very localised, and can appear and disappear in a matter of minutes. But overseas competition has forced the closure of all of Sunderland's glass-making factories. Esperanto: Sunderland estas havenurbo en la Urbo de Sunderland metropolo, en la kantono Tyne and Wear en North East England. The City is now part of the Northumbria Police Force area. In 2000, The Bridges shopping centre was extended to attract national chain stores. On 7 and 8 May 2005, Sunderland played host to BBC Radio 1's Big Weekend concert - the UK's largest free music festival. EPA/FELIPE TRUEBA EDITORIAL USE ONLY Clint Boon sometimes deejays in indie venue Ku Club, and the Bluetones did a set there in 2006. Lewis Carroll was also a visitor to the Rectory of Holy Trinity Church, Southwick, beforeSouthwick became a part of Sunderland. who now play in the Northern League Division One after a successful promotion campaign in the 2009/10 season. This was the start of glass making in Britain. Sunderland yew sûka dewleta Qraliya Yewbiyayiya. [15] His experiences are described in his book, No stranger to the P45.[16]. [24], The only professional sporting team in Sunderland is the football team, Sunderland A.F.C., which was formed in 1879,[25] and plays home games at the 49,000 seat capacity Stadium of Light.[26]. [5] Farther up the river, another bridge, the Queen Alexandra Bridge, was built in 1910, linking the areas of Pallion and Southwick. Many Sunderland Jews left for bigger Jewish communities in Britain or to Israel. More recently, Sunderland has seen growth as a commercial center for the automotive industry, science & technology and the service sector. [2], The metropolitan borough was formed in 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972 by the merger of several districts of County Durham - Washington Urban District, Houghton-le-Spring Urban District and Hetton Urban District - with the County Borough of Sunderland.[3]. Only the famous Iron Bridge itself is older, but Wearmouth bridge was over twice as long and only three-quarters the weight of the Iron Bridge. When an army from Scotland came to fight the King, its base was set up in Sunderland. Kenickie, which featured Lauren Laverne on vocals, also achieved a top ten album and wide critical acclaim in the mid-to-late-1990s. +44 0 191-528 5787 E-mail: 1. The last coal mine closed in 1994. Although the city does not have a Cathedral, as it is located in the Diocese of Durham, it does have Sunderland Minster. Sunderland is twinned with: Essen, Germany and Saint-Nazaire, France. Most of the suburbs of Sunderland are west of the city centre with 70% of its population living on the south side of the river and 30% on the north side. In 2002, the Tyne and Wear Metro system was extended to Sunderland. (Link to map using Googleor other map sites) Location Map] Address: 1. The Victoria Hall was used until 1941 when it was destroyed by a German bomb.[12]. It was the second iron bridge ever built. The modern City of Sunderland (/ˈsʌndərlənd/) is a local government district of Tyne and Wear, in North East England, with the status of a city and metropolitan borough. The National Glass Centre on Liberty Way also exhibits a number of glass sculptures. It is situated at the mouth of the River Wear. Sunderland station was rebuilt in November 1965 for football teams and officials from countries who were playing at Roker Park when England hosted the 1966 World Cup. [28] However Washington F.C. Holi… Pronunciation . The Empire Theatre sometimes plays host to music acts. The centre has never been as successful as hoped.[28]. The Manchester painter, L S Lowry, was another frequent visitor, staying in the Seaburn Hotel in Sunderland. The only Liberal Party councillor sat with the only Liberal Democrat as a "Liberal/Democrat" group. The Codex Amiatinus, was written and painted at the monastery and was probably worked on by Bede who was born at Wearmouth in 673. [13] Many of his paintings of seascapes and shipbuilding are based on Wearside scenes. Biscop brought glass makers from France. After the elections of May 2003 the political structure was 63 Labour, 9 Conservative, and 1 independent. Sunderland este un oraș și un Burg Metropolitan în cadrul Comitatului Metropolitan Tyne and Wear în regiunea North East England. More recently, Doves and Tim Burgess have performed DJ sets on club nights, and in summer 2007 the club hosted gigs from established bands such as The Zutons and The Maccabees. [16] The Jewish primary school, the Menorah School, closed in July 1983. The borough had a population of 275,400 at the time of the 2011 census, with the majority of the population (174,286) residing in Sunderland. The Empire also played host to the final performance of comic actor Sid James, who died of a heart attack whilst on stage in 1976.[20]. Those at the front were trapped, and were crushed by the weight of the crowd behind them. The Empire is the only theatre between Leeds and Glasgow large enough to accommodate such shows. Se sijaitsee Wearjoen suulla Pohjanmeren rannikolla. U tom naselju je rođen i školovao se Beda Uvaženi (672 / [[673-735), poznati anglosaksonski kroničar. It is named after its largest settlement, Sunderland, but covers a far larger area which includes the towns of Hetton-le-Hole, Houghton-le-Spring, and Washington, as well as a range of suburban villages. This is why he is often called The father of English history. Juni 1995 in Salem, Oregon) ist eine US-amerikanische Pornodarstellerin. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sunderland. The previous ABC Cinema, situated on the corner of Park Lane and Holmeside, had been derelict for a number of years until it reopened late in 2005 as The Point, with three bars and the Union nightclub. On average, it is around 80 metres above sea level. Byen ligg ved munningen til Wear ved Nordsjøen, 15 km søraust for Newcastle upon Tyne. Two became independent members; one joined the Liberal Democrat party, becoming group leader after the 2004 municipal elections.[5]. Der Club gewann 6 Erstligatitel (1892, 1893, 1895, 1902, 1913 und 1936) und zweimal den FA Cup (1937 und 1973). It now has campuses in Sunderland, London and Hong Kong. In 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, the county borough was abolished and its area combined with that of other districts to form the Metropolitan Borough of Sunderland in Tyne and Wear. Sunderland and Washington share historical links, as the ancestors of the first President of the United States of America, George Washington, lived in Washington Old Hall, which is within the municipal boundaries of Sunderland. A Rabbi from Holland was working in the city in 1790. Lewis Carroll was also a visitor to the Rectory of Holy Trinity Church, Southwick; then a township independent of Sunderland. The companies first film, "King of the North" starring Angus MacFadyen and set in the Hetton-le-Hole area of the city; is currently under production. Bis 1974 war Sunderland ein County Borough der traditionellen Grafschaft County Durham. Sunderland also hosts the free International Festival of Kites, Music and Dance, which attracts kite-makers from around the world to Northumbria Playing Fields, Washington. It is named after its largest settlement, Sunderland , but covers a far larger area which includes the towns of Washington , Houghton-le-Spring , and other smaller settlements. Corning Glass Works was one of the last. This is why the area is still called Bishopwearmouth.[1]. Biscop's monastery was the first monastery built of stone in Northumbria. Nissan Motor Manufacturing UK is located in Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, in North East England. [6] It was designed for trains to run across, too, but the railway section was never completed. Lewis Carroll was a frequent visitor to the area. The Royalty Theatre is the home of the amateur Royalty Theatre group who also put on a number of low-budget productions throughout the year. This led to the invention of 'push bar' emergency doors. [22], Sunderland's first film company was established in 2008; and is known as "Tanner Films Ltd" and is based in the Sunniside area of the city. When cholera broke out in 1831, the "select vestrymen", as the church councillors were called, did not know what to do about the epidemic. Developer of the electric lightbulb Joseph Swan, agony aunt Denise Robertson, rockers 'The Futureheads' and Alex Kapranos of 'Franz Ferdinand', Civil liberty campaigner Chris Mullin MP, radio DJ and singer Lauren Laverne,[37] football manager Bob Paisley, actor James Bolam, movie producer David Parfitt, lead singer of 'Olive' Ruth-Ann Boyle, author Lewis Carroll, artist LS Lowry, journalist Kate Adie, and the Venerable Bede are a few of the many famous people born in or associated with Sunderland. 16 km-re délkeletre fekszik.Lakossága 174 ezer fő volt 2011-ben. This put Sunderland in competition for the first time with its coal-trading neighbour Newcastle. English: Sunderland lies at the heart of the City of Sunderland, a metropolitan borough of Tyne and Wear, in North East England. But some fine old buildings remain. Vaux Breweries was established in the town centre in the 1880s and for 110 years was a major employer. [9] The children pushed down the stairs to the door. 11 of the 25 wards featuring in the list of the 2000 most deprived wards in England. [23], Sunderland was named "The Facebook Capital of Britain" by the BBC in February 2010. [21] It also has its own local radio station Sun FM, a community radio station Spark FM and a hospital radio station - Radio Sunderland for Hospitals, and can receive other north-eastern independent radio stations Metro Radio, Greatest Hits North East, Capital North East and Heart North East. The port was blockaded, so that ships could not spread the disease to other ports. Climat. As with most UK east-coast towns, Sunderland sometimes gets sea fog known locally as Fret. The event, held at Herrington Country Park in the shadow of Penshaw Monument, was attended by 30,000 visitors and featured Foo Fighters, Kasabian, KT Tunstall, Chemical Brothers and The Black Eyed Peas.[17][18]. With 750,000 passengers per year it is the busiest bus and coach station in Britain after Victoria Station in Central London,[21] and has won several design awards. The City has 25 such wards. also hail from Washington in the City. [11] The newspaper reports of the tragedy were so shocking that an inquiry was set up. The last shipyard in Sunderland closed in 1988.[4]. Sunderland was made a municipal borough of County Durham in 1835. Since 1990, industries along the banks of the Wear have changed a lot. In 2001, the most ethnically mixed ward of the city was the (now abolished) Thornholme area - just to the south of the city centre Thornholme included the suburbs of Ashbrooke and Eden Vale. Instead of the old industry new developments have been built, including: Sunderland Corporation's massive post-war housing estate developments, such as Farringdon, Pennywell, Grindon, Hylton Red House, Hylton Castle, Thorney Close and Town End Farm, together with earlier developments, have all passed into the ownership of Gentoo (once caleed Sunderland Housing Group), a private company and a "Registered Social Landlord". He was given the land by King Ecgfrith of Northumbria. The National Glass Centre on Liberty Way also exhibits a number of glass sculptures. The local Metro ends at South Hylton after calling at Sunderland Rail Station and Park Lane Bus Station. On the south side of the river, the old Vaux Brewery site has been cleared so that new houses, shops and offices can be built close to the city centre. Glass has been made in Sunderland for around 1,500 years. The district was formed in 1974, titled the Metropolitan Borough of Sunderland, as part of the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972 and is an amalgamation of four former local government districts of County Durham. Sunderland (UK Parliament constituency), from 1832 to 1950 Sunderland A.F.C., a professional football team Alice in Sunderland, a comics history by Bryan Talbot of the Sunderland area and its connections to Lewis Carroll; Sunderland A.F.C. This means Never Despair, Trust In God. Hallintopiiriin kuuluu Sunderlandin kaupungin lisäksi Washingtonin, Houghton-le-Springin ja Hetton-le-Holen kaupungit sekä Rokerin ja Seaburnin … "SINE Project: Structure details for Queen Alexandra Bridge", "2001 Census - Fact Cards for wards in the City of Sunderland", "Radio 1's Big Weekend: Penshaw Monument, Herrington Park, Sunderland", "Local boys shine at Sunderland's Big Weekend", "History of Shipbuilding in the North East", "SINE Project: Structure details for South Dock: Hudson Dock", "End of an era as glass firm sets closure date",, Pages using infobox UK place with unknown parameters, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, Sunderland, at the mouth of the river was a small fishing village. Sunderland has not had a separate police force since 1967, when the Borough of Sunderland Police merged with Durham Constabulary. Sunderland became a city in 1992. Sunderland was put under quarantine, so that people could not leave the town. In 1589, salt making started in Sunderland. Each year on the last weekend in July, the city hosts the Sunderland International Airshow. The last shipyard in Sunderland closed in 1988. Location Map: 1. Well-known movie producer David Parfitt belonged to this company before achieving worldwide fame. The Sunderland Empire Theatre, opened in 1907, is the largest theatre in the North East. Sunderland Museum has a big collection of LS Lowry. 2. Leben. Sunderland has two local newspapers: the daily evening tabloid The Sunderland Echo, founded in 1873, and the Sunderland Star - a free newspaper. The giant Nissan factory moved in, and new service industries arrived. St. Andrew's Roker, so-called "Cathedral of the Arts and Crafts Movement", contains work by William Morris, Ernest Gimson and Eric Gill. The three original settlements of Wearmouth (Bishopwearmouth, Monkwearmouth and Sunderland) had started to join up. It was built on the site of the former RAF Usworth airfield near the A19 and A1231. Sunderland is in North East England. ... Puteți ajuta Wikipedia prin completarea sa Since the dissolution of Sunderland Nissan F.C., Sunderland itself now has only one non-league side, Sunderland Ryhope Community Association F.C. Sunderland also has the north-east's top women's football team, Sunderland A.F.C. Sunderland. By 2004 there had been a considerable shift in population. Today, the road leading to where the pans were is still called Pann's Bank. Sunderland er ein industri- og hamneby i Tyne and Wear i England.Fram til 1974 utgjorde han eit distrikt i Durham, men han vart så innlema i City of Sunderland i Tyne and Wear. Najstarije od njih na sjevernoj obali rijeke, kasnije nazvano - Monkwearmouth, niklo je pored samostana osnovanog 674. Fri:6:00pm-9:00pm. In 686, the community was taken over by Ceolfrid, and Wearmouth monastery and its other site in Jarrow became very important places of learning in Anglo-Saxon England. Metro trains are quite frequent and travel between Newcastle International Airport and Newcastle upon Tyne in the north and South Hylton at the southern end of the line. As more coal was needed to heat the salt pans, coal mining started in the area. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, City of Sunderland Millennium Orchestral Society. The Manor Quay, the students' union on the campus of the University of Sunderland has also hosted the Arctic Monkeys, Maxïmo Park, 911, the Levellers and Girls Aloud in the past three years. Before the English Civil War in 1642, King Charles I said Newcastle could be the only town in the east of England which could send coal by ship. Sunderland is home to a Nissan car manufacturing plant. It is named after its largest settlement, Sunderland, but covers a far larger area which includes the towns of Hetton-le-Hole, Houghton-le-Spring, and Washington, as well as a range of suburban villages. Kendra Sunderland (* 16. The city extends to the seafront at Hendon and Ryhope (on the south) and Seaburn (on the north). Thur:6:00pm-9:00pm. Sunderland a un climat océanique tempéré (Köppen : «Cfb»). There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. In the past it has also welcomed major bands such as The Beatles and The Kinks. The initial relocation plan had been for a stadium to be situated alongside the Nissan factory, but these were abandoned in favour of the Stadium of Light at Monkwearmouth on the site of a colliery that had closed at the end of 1993.[27]. Sunderland város az Egyesült Királyságban, Anglia északi területén, a Tyne and Wear grófságban. Carroll's connection with Sunderland, and the area's history, is documented in Bryan Talbot's 2007 graphic novel Alice in Sunderland.[19]. Sunderland got its first Member of Parliament after the Reform Act of 1832, and the Borough of Sunderland was created in 1836, although impatient citizens elected Andrew White to be Mayor in December 1835. The Liberal Democrats stronghold ward was abolished entirely, and became part of four new wards, and the Liberal Democrat councillors elected in 2004 were from two very different areas. [14], The Bath-based writer, Dan W.Griffin was a student at Sunderland University between 1992 and 1995. There are two statues honouring Jack, one in Mowbray Park near the Civic Centre, and the other next to Holy Trinity Church. Bands and musicians from Yorkshire and North East England, FA Women's Premier League National Division. Sunderland, part of the Durham coalfield, has a coal-mining heritage that dates back centuries. At Christmas, Sunderland has a German market in the city centre selling German-made wooden goods, and German food. The centre receives over 26 million shopping visits every year. The merchant Thomas Menville started building ships so he could transport the things he wanted to sell. Sunderland sack Papy Djilobodji for contract breach The Black Cats have parted ways with the centre-back, who moved to the club for £8 million in 2016. Sunderland's economy began to get better after the 1980s. [12], The Salford-born painter, L. S. Lowry, was a frequent visitor, staying in the Seaburn Hotel in Sunderland. The University of Sunderland is a university located in Sunderland in the North East of England.Its predecessor, Sunderland Technical College, was established as a municipal training college in 1901.It gained university status in 1992. V prosinci téhož roku se nákaza rozšířila do Gatesheadu a poté se rozšířila do celé země a její obětí se stalo asi 32 000 … The 2019–20 Sunderland A.F.C. Being on the coast, Sunderland is a little warmer in the winter than the national average, but a little cooler in summer. Sunderland; S. Sunderland A.F.C. Britain's most popular long distance cycle route - The 'C2C' Sea to Sea Cycle Route - traditionally starts (or ends) when the cyclist dips their wheel in the sea on Roker beach. Sunderland är en stad med omkring 283 500 invånare [1] och ligger i nordöstra England, Storbritannien, vid floden Wears utlopp i Nordsjön.. Staden ligger strax sydost om Newcastle och mellan de bägge städerna har det sedan länge funnits en ömsesidig rivalitet. Every year, the city hosts a large Remembrance Day memorial, believed to be the largest in the UK outside of London.[26]. They printed notices which said there was no disease in the town, and saying that the doctors who said that there was disease did not know what they were talking about. Over recent years Sunderland city centre has seen a re-development of the Sunniside area taking place, with new bars, cafes and retailers opening their doors on the Eastern side of the city. [9] Some parts of the area are also widely believed to be the inspiration for his Alice in Wonderland stories, such as Hylton Castle and Backhouse Park. IPA : /ˈsʌndə(ɹ)lənd/ Audio (UK) Proper noun . The City of Sunderland has been commended several times on its commitment to preserving its natural environment. At the elections of May 2007, the Labour Party continued their decline. In the autumn of 2000 even this was taken over by Whitbread PLC. [7] After the 2015 General election the composition of the council was Labour 66, Conservative 6 and independent 3.[7]. The former shipyard areas along the River Wear have also been transformed. The City of Sunderland is a local government district of Tyne and Wear, in North East England, with the status of a city and metropolitan borough. This had a big impact on Sunderland, which was selling more and more coal. Rowland Burdon MP pushed for the Wearmouth Bridge, which was built in 1796. This is known as salt panning. It is the largest free airshow in Europe. Some Sunderland suburbs have most streets beginning with the same letter: Sunderland has cool winters and warm summers. Son emplacement dans le secteur abrité ((en)rain shadow) des Pennines, ainsi que dans d'autres chaînes de montagnes à l'ouest, telles que celles du Lake District et du sud-ouest de l'Écosse, fait de Sunderland l'une des villes les moins pluvieuses du nord de l'Angleterre. The Jewish community has been shrinking since the mid 20th century. [13] As a result, much of the town centre was rebuilt in a boring concrete style. In recent years, a thriving underground music scene in Sunderland has helped the likes of Smalltown Heroes, The futureheads, Field Music and more recently Frankie & The Heartstrings gain national recognition. In 2009, it hosts Jane McDonald and The Drifters among others. Der AFC Sunderland (offiziell: Sunderland Association Football Club) auch bekannt als The Black Cats ist ein englischer Fußballverein aus Sunderland im Nordosten von England. Ĝi havas proksime 177.739 loĝantojn. Sunderland Ryhope Community Association F.C. Jack Crawford was one of the first to die in the epidemic. The museum has a big collection of the locally produced Sunderland Lustreware pottery. The Birmingham Royal Ballet have a season at the Sunderland Empire every year, and it is thought of as the company's north-east home. The Sunderland Stadium of Light has hosted regular concerts since 2009, including the likes of Oasis, Take That, Coldplay, Kings of Leon and Red Hot Chili Peppers. The Short S.25 Sunderland was a British flying boat patrol bomber, developed and constructed by Short Brothers for the Royal Air Force (RAF). The least ethnically diverse wards are in the north of the city. Average rainfall is below the UK national average due to an east coast location. It was a county borough, and is now part of the City of Sunderland in Tyne and Wear. Sunderland is within the Copeland UK Parliamentary constituency, Trudy Harrison is the Member of parliament.. Before Brexit, its residents were covered by the North West England European Parliamentary Constituency.. For Local Government purposes it is in the All Saints Ward of Allerdale Borough Council and the Bothel + Wharrels Division of Cumbria County Council. Following further disputes within the Labour Party, three councillors resigned the whip at the end of 2006 and, joined by one of the Liberal Democrat members formed an independent group, which is the minority party in opposition. Echo 24 luxury apartments near the city centre. Three Councillors resigned from the Labour Party following disputes over the selection of candidates for the 2004 elections. He wrote most of Jabberwocky at Whitburn as well as "The Walrus and the Carpenter". The current regional BBC radio station is BBC Radio Newcastle. Since 1992 it has had the status of a city and metropolitan borough . Han er dermed ein by innanfor ein annan by, ein situasjon som ikkje er uvanleg i England. [7] During a variety show, children rushed down the stairs for treats. A city and metropolitan borough of Tyne and Wear, England. By 1835, the port of Sunderland was so important that its name was used when the three old villages became the a borough. Once called the "Greatest Shipbuilding Town in the World",[31] ships were built on the Wear from at least 1346 onwards.